Jul 28, 2018 - 12:28 PM
First, you want to review all your options. Numerous people can serve as references, including teachers, coworkers, clients, and people you have volunteered with. You simply cannot use family members, friends, or spouses.
In the event there is truly no one to use as a reference, then you may need to reconsider the kinds of jobs you apply for. There are plenty of positions, many of which are entry-level, that will not have this requirement. References are an optional part of the hiring process, and unless a hiring manager requests them, there is no reason to include them in your application. There is no reason to include references on a resume, and you should not write, "References available upon request."