Most resumes will only be one page in length. Therefore, you do not want to waste any of it by including references. You should not include any kind of references on a resume, but you can put them on a separate piece of paper if the employer asks for them. Some employers will not need to speak to references. If you include them, then you waste the hiring manager’s time. You also do not want to include the phrase "References available upon request" on the resume, too. The reason is that this sentence is redundant. In the event the hiring manager wants your references, he or she will assume you will be able to provide some. You can send along a list of references on a separate document if the job listing requests them. You should typically have a minimum of three references. You will need to include the person’s name, contact information, and your relationship to them. Before putting anyone on this list, you want to make sure you ask ahead of time, so no one receives an unexpected phone call.