- Time management
Women held 50.04 percent of jobs in December 2019, according to Labor Department data. The last (and only) time this happened was a 10-month stretch in 2009–2010 when, in the immediate aftermath of the Great Recession, male-dominated sectors like manufacturing lost jobs at a rapid pace.
This is a far cry from the 1950s, when only 33.9 percent of women aged 16 and older worked outside the home. Yet, in the wake of the #MeToo movement and continued concern about breaking through the glass ceiling, major inequalities persist.
Women make 81 cents on every dollar made by a man. They are not well-represented in leadership roles (despite earning more college degrees than their male counterparts). Meanwhile, women are much more likely to experience sexual harassment at work.
We reviewed the latest stats to get the full picture of women's experience in the workplace, and here's what we found.
The occupations with the highest female representation:
For the class of 2016–2017, women earned more than half of bachelor's degrees (57 percent), master's degrees (59 percent) and doctorate degrees (53 percent).
This was true for black women, who have attained the majority of master's (70 percent) and doctorate degrees (66 percent) compared to black men.
Women have earned more bachelor's degrees since 1982, more master's degrees than men since 1987 and more doctorate degrees since 2006.
In academia, women have earned the majority of doctorates, but they only make up 32 percent of full professors and 30 percent of college presidents.
At the higher levels of S&P 500 companies, however, women are not equally represented.
Women are about twice as likely as men (42 percent versus 22 percent) to say they have experienced at least one of the following types of discrimination in the workplace:
Women with postgraduate degrees are much more likely to have experienced some form of discrimination at work:
According to a Jobvite survey, 17 percent of women say they were sexually harassed in 2018, up from 9 percent in 2017.
A majority of the workers (57 percent) who were harassed reported it to HR, and stayed in the same role with the company.
Men are more likely than women (66 percent versus 57 percent) to consider growth within the company a key factor.
Eighty-six percent of women recall being taught to be nice to others growing up. Forty-four percent say they were taught to be a good leader, and 34 percent were taught to share their point of view.
In the end, understanding how women are positioned in the workplace will help you get ahead. If you're serious about your career, keep reading our 2020 employment and career stats series, including: