What do Anthropologists and Archeologists do?
Anthropologists and archeologists perform the important task of studying human beings through their origins, development, and behavior. This position involves working to uncover and study artifacts from ancient civilizations to help gather evidence to determine the history, daily life, customs, and traditions of early societies.
Anthropologists and Archeologists Skills and Abilities
As an anthropologist or archeologist, you need to fully understand human behavior as well as the societal trends, cultural histories, and the origins of the people you are studying. You also need to have an understanding of culturally significant and historically important events in order to fully comprehend any archaeological or anthropological findings. Anthropologists and archeologists should also have excellent deductive and inductive reasoning and critical thinking skills in order to interpret their findings accurately and place them correctly within proper historical timelines and cultural events.
Anthropologists and Archeologists Duties
Your day-to-day activities as an anthropologist or archeologist can differ depending on whether you are at an excavation point, in the classroom, researching artifacts, or meeting with agencies and organizations. Some typical duties as an archaeologist or anthropologist include:
- Organizing a research plan for a specific area or location, including establishing excavation teams, cataloguing items, and arranging for safekeeping of artifacts
- Providing advice and information for government agencies, communities, and private organizations regarding the creation of programs or policies that may have a cultural impact on local communities or societies
- Training others how to properly research, study, analyze, and catalogue archaeological findings
- Curating and organizing public exhibits in museums, libraries, and other locations in order to bring about cultural and historical awareness
- Researching, writing, and presenting articles and papers regarding the history, artifact analysis, and interpretations of any uncovered and excavated sites
Anthropologists and Archeologists Tools and Technology
As an archaeologist or anthropologist, you will use many tools to help perform and guide your study, research, and excavations. Tools such as calipers, microscopes, scanners, levels, sifting equipment, and conductivity meters are all likely to be used in in the field, the lab, or the classroom.Using technology to help catalogue, organize, and search through information and artifacts is very important for anthropologists and archaeologists. In this position, you will need to have experience with software such as age progression software, gene code sequencing software, graphic or photo imaging programs, and map creation software.
Education and Training for a Anthropologists and Archeologists
In order to become an anthropologist or archaeologist, you need to have a master’s degree in either anthropology or archaeology. Individuals can also earn master’s degrees in cultural anthropology, sociology, human biology, or physical and biological anthropology in order to have the knowledge and expertise needed for this position.
Anthropologists and Archeologists Salary
The salary for Anthropologists and Archeologists can vary widely depending on experience, education, and location. In this position, the bottom 10% earns about $35,000 per year, while the median income is around $60,000 annually. However, it is possible to earn an even greater salary as an anthropologist or archeologist, as the top 10% can earn a salary of around $94,000 per year.
Anthropologists and Archeologists Jobs by Geography
Anthropologists and archeologists are in high demand in states such as California, Oregon, and North Carolina, with the states that offer the highest annual median wages being Georgia, Texas, and Oregon. The federal government, research organizations, management services, and colleges and universities are all organizations that have a specific need for archaeologists and anthropologists. The amount of positions available varies state by state, so be sure to look into a state that offers growth and professional opportunity for you.