What do Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Do?
Geoscientists study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. They often use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. They may also study the Earth’s internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. The field of geoscience includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.Jobs for geoscientists are predicted to grow by 16% over the next few years, with over 1,700 new jobs to be created. The oil industry is the largest employer of geoscientists, making up 26% of all positions. Geoscientists also work for engineering firms, technical consulting firms, government agencies and mining companies.
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Skills and Abilities
Geoscientists are experts in the subjects of geography, chemistry, and physics. This includes understanding physical principles and dynamics, the interrelationships of air, sea, and land, and chemical processes. Some key skills of geoscientists are:
- Critical Thinking – Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
- Complex Problem Solving – Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
- Inductive Reasoning – The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
- Deductive Reasoning – The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
- Science – Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
- Written Communication – The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Duties
As a geoscientist, you will analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, or geophysical information from sources such as survey data, well logs, bore holes, or aerial photos. You will also plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application. Using the data that you collect and analyze, you will locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, or mineral ore deposits or underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, or research or survey results. Some specific tasks you will perform are:
- Advise others about environmental management or conservation
- Advise others on management of emergencies or hazardous situations or materials
- Analyze geological or geographical data
- Analyze geological samples
- Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations
- Research geological and hydrologic features or processes
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Tools and Technology
Geoscientists use scientific instruments and tools such as Electromagnetic geophysical instruments, geological compasses, sonar and soil core sampling apparatus. They also use analytical software, CAD software for design and mapping, graphics software, map creation software, and database software.
Education and Training for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
To be a geoscientist you will need at least a Bachelor’s Degree, although over 35% hold a Master’s and over %11 have a Doctorate. Employers do not provide on the job training. Your undergraduate studies should focus on subjects such as the earth sciences, marine sciences, geochemistry, geophysics, and paleontology.
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Salary
The median salary for geoscientists nationwide is close to $90,000. Top earners make over $187,000. The highest paying jobs are in the oil industry states of Texas, Oklahoma, and Alaska.
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Jobs by Geography
States that will see the largest number of new jobs for geoscientists are Colorado, North Carolina, and Texas, which will see job growth of more than 30%. Available jobs are driven more by industry than region.