What Do Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers Do?
Workers in this position oversee various agricultural establishments, like greenhouses, farms, ranches, and nurseries. The managers may hire, train, and supervise employees while also supervising or participating in the work that gets done at the particular agricultural center.There is currently a 19% decrease in available jobs in this field. However, roughly 15,000 positions are filled annually.
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers Skills and Abilities
The skills and abilities for this job are somewhat dependent upon which specialty you pursue. The three occupations that most fall under this job description are aquacultural managers, farm and ranch managers, and nursery and greenhouse managers. With all three of these positions, you’ll need to understand the production and processing of food, including both plants and animals. For most jobs you’ll need to know biology, as well as mathematics through calculus. It’s also important to know management and administration techniques in order to best serve the business. This can include allocating resources, strategic planning, and coordinating people and resources. You will also need to know how to communicate effectively with others, both verbally and in writing, as well as how to best listen to and understand what someone else is saying.
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers Duties
The duties you will perform on the job are also dependent upon the specific occupation. Some of the duties are listed below for each.
- Aquacultural Managers—Oversee the growth of fish and shellfish, manage funds, keep detailed records of production, monitor environments and make changes as necessary, execute policies, prepare reports for governmental agencies, train and supervise workers, and make sure mature fish are transferred appropriately to aquatic environments.
- Farm and Ranch Managers—Inspect orchards and fields, work with buyers, maintain financial records, plan crop activities according to environmental and other conditions, monitor activities to ensure regulations are followed and standards are kept, determine which and how much of each crop or livestock should be raised, inspect equipment, and direct the production of the crop operations for the best overall result.
- Nursery and Greenhouse Managers—Manage the nurseries for overall production, observe and evaluate current workers, assign work schedules, inspect facilities and equipment, check for plant diseases and weeds, and coordinate documentation and paperwork for accounting and inventory.
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers Tools and Technology
Aquacultural managers use pliers, nets, marine hatchery equipment, screwdrivers, and water filters. Farm and ranch managers use animal husbandry equipment, mowers, power saws, and haymaking machinery. Nursery and greenhouse managers use irrigation equipment, pots, pruning sheers, ventilation equipment, and water sprinklers. All three types of managers generally use accounting equipment, staff scheduling equipment, specific databases, and general software like Microsoft Access.
Education and Training for Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers
To get a job as an agricultural manager, you’ll want about five years of work experience and a high school diploma or equivalent. Some managers in this field have advanced degrees, ranging from associates through master’s degrees. Less than one percent have doctoral degrees. Related instructional programs include agronomy and crop science, animal nutrition, poultry science, crop production, animal health, agricultural animal breeding, and greenhouse operations and management.
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers Salary
The hourly salary ranges from about $16.43 to $58.50. The average yearly salary ranges from around $34,200 to $121,700. Factors that affect salary include the state’s cost of living, how many years the manager has been employed, the size of the establishment, and the manager’s educational level.
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers by Geography
Oregon, Indiana, and Vermont and expected to see the biggest increase in available jobs in this field. New Mexico, Arizona, and Virginia are among the states with the largest decrease. California, Iowa, and Arkansas have the highest overall positions, though of the three, only Arkansas has a positive increase in jobs.