What Do Materials Scientists Do?
The primary job of a materials scientist is to observe and study various chemical properties in order to expand upon and strengthen them for us in an array of circumstances. Materials scientists study many different natural, synthetic and composite materials. Some of these materials include ceramics, alloys and rubber. Specific jobs requirements for materials scientists include:● Performing experiments to better understand the structure of chemicals● Testing machines and compounds to ensure federal standards are met● Determining ways to develop new materials● Strengthening old methods of material processing ● Supervising the production of various materialsMaterials scientists make up a very small part of the workforce in the United States. Due to this, the increase in job openings over the next decade is somewhat smaller than that of similar fields. By 2022, it is expected that there will be a five percent increase in job openings with about 260 positions opening up annually.
Materials Scientists Skills and Abilities
A successful materials scientists will have a serious understanding in the areas of physics, chemistry, mathematics and engineering. A strong grasp on communication skills, critical thinking abilities and understanding of local practices can boost an applicant’s chances of finding a career in this field. An ability to foresee a problem can prove invaluable, as is the trait of being able to listen, comprehend and put information into practice.
Materials Scientists Duties
A materials scientist must be able to think creatively while simultaneously using a critical eye to analyze data and comprehend what the results show. Information in this field is constantly being revised to reflect new information, and a materials scientist must be able to stay on top of these developments to ensure that all national standards of safety are met. Specific duties of materials scientists include:● Developing theories on various phenomena in the field of physics● Utilizing various software to input and collect data● Testing finished products for quality assurance purposes● Developing new methods of production
Materials Scientists Tools and Technology
Materials scientists must know how to use a variety of tools to properly perform their duties. These tools can include spectrometers, nitrogen furnaces, multisample autoclaves, nanoscope atomic force microscopes and slurry abrasion testers. A materials scientist should also be able to use computer software that is integral to the process such as Bruker AXS EVA, ANSYS LS-DYNA, LabView and query software.
Education and Training for Materials Scientists
A Bachelor’s degree is a strict requirement for those looking to work as a materials scientist. Continued education, such as a Master’s degree, is not necessary but can help an individual to become more specified with an exact focus. To stand out in this industry, it is important to take advantage of variou training programs that are offered.
Materials Scientists Salary
The average annual income for a materials scientist in the United States is $92,000. The higher income is indicative of the years of study required to be successful in this position. The bottom ten percent in this field still make a decent income at around $47,900, while the top ten percent is able to make an impressive $144,000. The exact annual income of a materials scientist will change depending on the needs of the state and the additional training an applicant has.
Materials Scientists Jobs by Geography
The largest number of job openings for materials scientists can be found in California, New York and Ohio. Over the next ten years, it is expected that Georgia, Nevada and Utah will see the largest increase in job openings. The highest annual salaries for materials scientists can be found in Minnesota, Texas and New Hampshire, respectively.