What Do Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Do?
Laying floors takes expertise and specific knowledge of materials. While carpet, wood and hard tiles are common flooring types, there is an entire group of flooring workers who install other types of floors. These materials are usually applied in sheets, block or strips.An overall increase is expected in the number of workers in this field. Specifically, for the United States as a whole, a 13 percent increase is projected, adding up to around 450 new job openings per year.
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Skills and Abilities
To work as a floor layer, you need to have an understanding of building materials, including their specific applications and cost differences. You need to apply mathematical knowledge, including basic algebra and geometry. You must also know how to use the tools and machines involved in floor installation, and have a certain level of physical fitness and strength. You must be able to use your hands and fingers to work with precision. If you are in a supervisory position, you will also need good customer service skills, knowledge of technology and office systems, and teaching ability.
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Duties
Laying floor is detailed work with many steps. Your specific duties may include:
- Assessing the current state of the floor to be covered
- Interviewing customers to ascertain wants and needs
- Estimating costs
- Communicating expected job cost and duration
- Moving furniture and appliances off of the work area
- Removing old flooring
- Preparing the surface by cleaning, sanding, scraping and crack-filling
- Marking out measurements using chalk lines
- Accurately measuring, marking and cutting materials
- Minimizing waste
- Applying industrial-strength adhesives
- Trimming materials precisely, in order to achieve tight, neat joins
- Heating floor materials with a blow torch when necessary for flexibility during installation
- Positioning flooring around irregular areas
- Trimming excess and removing adhesives
- Thoroughly cleaning the work area after the installation is complete
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Tools and Technology
The tools you’ll use to install and remove flooring include pry bars, knives, floats, scribers and shears. You’ll also need measuring tools, a heat gun or blow torch and good lighting. You may or may not use any software, depending on your role. The types of software most commonly used by floor layers are scheduling, project management, computer aided design (CAD) and databases.
Education and Training for Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles
Much of the training for this occupation happens on-the-job, but you may be able to find occupation-specific learning programs. To start, you should only need a high school diploma and a willingness to learn.
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Salary
Most floor layers in this category earn between $23,800 and $64,700. This works out to an hourly wage of between $11.42 and $31.09. The mid-range salary is $17.63 per hour, or $36,700. Once you learn the trade and start to take on more responsibilities, you may be able to move up on the salary scale.
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Jobs by Geography
Of the roughly 15,000 people employed in this field nationwide, between 2,000 and 3,000 of them work in California. New York has over 1,200 floor layers, while Texas and Pennsylvania report nearly 1,000. Close to half of US states expect to see an increase of over 10 percent in this occupation, with Arizona, Nevada and Washington looking at between 38 and 49 percent more workers over a span of 10 years. When deciding where to pursue a career as a floor layer, consider what areas have a lot of new construction projects, as well as areas with a lot of remodeling activity or gentrification.