What do Physicians and Surgeons, All Other Do?
If you enjoy helping people, love science, and don’t mind spending 12 years in school, you may want to consider becoming a physician or surgeon. Physicians and surgeons diagnose, treat, and assist patients in preventing a multitude of injuries, illnesses, and disorders. They are commonly referred to as “doctors,” and many may devote their lives to medical research as opposed to treating patients. Physicians use non-invasive techniques to treat patients (ex: medication), while surgeons utilize invasive methods. Workers in this field are employed by hospitals, clinics, private practices, universities, and many more industries. Some doctors work in the corporate world as directors of research or medical consultants.
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other Skills and Abilities
Physicians and surgeons will be expected to possess a wide range of medical and scientific knowledge. An in-depth understanding of biology, chemistry, psychology, and pharmacology is needed in order to succeed. This field requires excellent communication and interpersonal skills since you will be interacting with patients and family members during extremely trying times. Workers in this field should also be adept at remaining calm under immense pressure. If you are considering becoming a surgeon, above-average hand-eye coordination and dexterity is greatly beneficial.
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other Duties
The primary goal of a doctor is to treat and diagnose illnesses and injuries. Surgeons use invasive methods, and usually treat patients using complex operating procedures. Doctors will also be responsible for prescribing drugs and following up with patients after treatment. Those employed in academic settings may spend most of their time conducting classes and performing research. In hospitals, physicians known as attending doctors supervise medical interns during their residencies. Physicians and surgeons may also:
- Educate community members on medical issues
- Offer advice to public health officials
- Publish textbooks and articles
- Supervise physician’s assistants, nurses, and less experienced doctors
- Refer patients to community resources or appropriate medical specialists
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other Tools and Technology
You will have to get used to using a vast array of tools and devices if you plan on becoming a physician. Surgeons utilize scalpels, saws, and other tools to enter the human body and perform operations. During routine checkups, instruments such as stethoscopes, thermometers, and others are used to collect data regarding a patient’s health. Computers and software programs are used to enter, organize, and model patient data and information.
Education and Training for Physicians and Surgeons, All Other
Since you will be performing very serious tasks, this career requires some of the highest levels of education known to mankind. The M.D. degree is required for this field and all physicians and surgeons must possess this degree before practicing. Roughly 100% of physicians held a bachelor’s degree, since it is needed to gain entry into medical school. Earning an M.D. typically requires four years of college, four years of medical school, and 3-4 years of a highly-structured medical residency. In order to gain entry to medical school, students must take a test, commonly known as the MCAT to measure their understanding of the basic sciences.
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other Salary
As most people know, physicians and surgeons earn some of the highest salaries around, so there is a silver lining to needing all this education. The annual median salary of workers in this field is $189,780.Those employed by private practices made more than those working in hospitals. Physicians employed by dentists and oral surgery practices reported the highest earnings.
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other Jobs by Geography
New York employed the highest level of physicians and surgeons in the nation. Minnesota paid the highest wages in the industry. There are currently 311,000 Americans employed in this field, and there was a 1.3% rise in employment over the last year. Physicians employed in the Upper Midwest earned the highest wages in the country.