What do Industrial-Organizational Psychologists do?
In this industry, psychologists apply their knowledge and skills to the workforce. They work to improve productivity, train and develop employees, analyze organizational development, and help with policy changes. As a psychologist you may be working with all areas of a business, including the sales department, human resources, management teams, administration, and marketing departments. This occupation is good for those who want to help groups of people in order to make a long-term change in the running and output of a company.
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Skills and Abilities
In order to be successful as an industrial-organization psychologist, you need to be knowledgeable not only in psychology, but also in business. You need to understand how a business is run and managed in order to be able to affect change and policy. This means understanding all of the different aspects of human resources, training, management, and administration. Specific skills and abilities that are necessary include:
- Communicating effectively through writing, speaking, and listening
- Weighing benefits and costs in order to make the best decision
- Ability to identify difficult problems and solve them in a way that is beneficial for all involved parties
- Ability to coordinate resources and people
- A temperate demeanor in order to help mediate
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Duties
Being an industrial-organizational psychologist means that you will be responsible for a variety of things throughout the day. Because you are working with so many different aspects of an organization, the duties you perform will vary depending on who and what you are working with on any given week. Just a number of examples of some of the things expected from you include:
- Find new business by writing proposals and making sales presentations
- Research work environments and aspects such as communication styles, staff morale, interactions between co-workers and management, and overall motivation
- Develop training programs
- Produce reports and articles to share research
- Formulate psychological tests and interview methods for the placement and promotion of employees
- Evaluate employee performance
- Identify the needs of an organization in terms of development and training
- Coach higher management on performance and leadership
- Assist with dispute resolution
- Counsel employees on issues related to the job
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Tools and Technology
Part of this job is using tools and technology to organize research results and develop new plans and processes. Using different types of computers, such as personal and notebook computers, is important. You will also use presentation methods such as power point and video projectors. The types of software that you may be using include charting software, analytical software, document management software, and database user interface software.
Education and Training for Industrial-Organizational Psychologists
Although the minimum education attainment for this position is a master’s degree, the majority of industrial-organizational psychologists have their professional or doctorate degree. Many jobs will offer residency or an internship to help prepare you for the specific tasks of the job.
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Salary
The average salary for this career is around $77,000. The top 10% earn anywhere from $120,000 to $165,000, and the lower 10% earn an average of $52,000 a year. The location of the job is a big variable when it comes to wages earned. The states that pay the highest salaries are Minnesota, California, and Virginia. The states that pay the lowest wages are West Virginia and Mississippi.
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Jobs by Geography
Overall, the growth in this industry is expected to happen more rapidly than many other occupations. States who expect the highest rapid growth are North Carolina, Iowa, and Mississippi. States that expect little to no growth include Maryland and Florida.