What do Editors Do?
Does a career in journalism or publishing sound interesting? If so you may want to consider becoming an editor. Editors plan, review, and coordinate material to be published in books, magazines, journals, and even internet blogs. They also ensure that written material is suitable for a particular readership, and may offer writers and journalists professional feedback. Editors review everything from newspaper articles to novels, and must have an in-depth understanding of grammar and mechanics. Many are charged with the task of deciding which articles will be needed for publication and which ones will need additional work.
Editors Skills and Abilities
Editors should have a strong grasp of the English language and mechanics, since the career will be based on your ability to review written material. Advanced knowledge of grammar, punctuation, sentence structure is required, and editors should have an extensive vocabulary. Another element of the job is the ability to predict what readers want, and craft a written piece to fit those needs. Excellent interpersonal and communication skills are needed and editors should feel comfortable offering feedback and advice to writers. Editors are sometimes given the task of researching articles and ensuring that no plagiarism has taken place.
The professional goal of an editor is to ensure that written material is readable and suitable for publishing. Those working this industry will be expected to detect errors regarding syntax, spelling, and punctuation. A team of writers usually reports to the editor for topic approval and feedback. Editors should also be proficient in verifying dates, facts, and statistics before a story, article, or book is published. Editors may also be asked to:
- Read, evaluate, and provide commentary about manuscripts submitted for publishing
- Develop story or content ideas based on the readership’s interest
- Accept and reject ideas and written material
- Manage the publication of material and approve structure, artwork, and style
- Make sure that writers adhere to deadlines
- Interview and hire writers
- Obtain copyrights and ensure the publication adheres to legal codes
Editors Tools and Technology
Editors take advantage of a wide variety of tools and electronic devices when working. Computers are widely used to organize, store, and draft material, with the internet being heavily utilized for research purposes. Many workers use editing and word processing programs to ensure that material is up to standard. Communication devices such as phones and faxes are frequently employed to stay in contact with writers and reporters. Editors in the technology field may utilize webpage and video editing software.
Education and Training for Editors
Breaking into the editing field, typically requires at least 4-6 years of college or university. Statistically, roughly 56% of editors held at least a bachelor’s degree, while nearly 21% held a master’s degree. This means that college-educated workers will have an easier time finding work in this field. The vast majority of editors majored in either Journalism or English, since such emphasis is placed on writing. Degrees in research-heavy fields such as history, psychology, and sociology are oftentimes acceptable. Editors typically take courses in writing, literature, journalism, and sometimes marketing.
The annual mean salary for an editor in the United States is $54,890, with the 10% grossing almost $110,000 yearly. Nationwide, there was a 0.9% increase in editor wages over the last year. Editors employed in the securities and brokerage industry earned the most; over $80,000 a year. Those working in the recording industry reported the lowest earnings.
Editors Jobs by Geography
The states with the highest levels of employment for editors are New York, California, Texas. New York State and Washington, D.C. paid the highest wages in the country. There was a 1.6% rise in employment levels for editors last year, signifying a steady rate of growth. The newspaper, magazine, and book publishing field employed more editors than any other industry.