What do Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Do?
Postsecondary teachers instruct students at the college or university level. They may only teach, or they may also do research and write for scholarly publications. Anthropology teachers focus on the physical development and ecology of humans, while archeology teachers focus on human history and culture. Depending on the institution you work for and the setup of the department, these positions may overlap.Job opportunities in this area of postsecondary teaching are expected to increase by 13 percent from 2012 to 2022. This means approximately 190 job openings in the field each year, throughout the United States.
Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Skills and Abilities
In order to teach archaeology and anthropology at the postsecondary level, you will need to understand geography, sociology and history in addition to archaeology and anthropology. You will also need to know how to design curriculum for an adult audience. Public speaking is a big part of classroom teaching, so you’ll need good speaking skills, including voice clarity and reasoning ability. In fact, communication skills are among the most important skills for any teaching position, at any level. You will also need reading comprehension and written expression skills in order to understand textbooks and to make your written materials easily understood. Remember, as a teacher, your main focus is to gain knowledge and then pass it on to others. This means that you have to be good at learning from a variety of sources, and good at translating information in a way that makes sense to students. To do this, you will need to constantly assess your students’ learning and comprehension. Adaptability is vital.
Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Duties
Postsecondary anthropology and archaeology teachers work with a diverse population of people each day. You will meet with students one-on-one, give lectures to groups of people and interact with business people and members of the general public. During non-teaching hours, you will create exams and other assignments, grade papers and keep up with the latest information in your field. Some specific duties that you may not have thought of include:
- Writing books or articles
- Preparing course materials
- Supervising internships or laboratory work
- Serving as a student advisor
- Attending and speaking at professional conferences
- Collaborating with administrators, other teachers and the general public
- Ordering and using specialized equipment
Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Tools and Technology
Basic tools for this profession are computers, projectors, microphones and polarizing microscopes. Email systems, word processing software and Internet browsers are all necessary. You will probably also need to learn how to use specialized software, such as map-making software, photo editors and online classroom management software, such as Blackboard.
Education and Training for Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary
Postsecondary anthropology and archaeology teachers generally need a Doctoral degree. To teach any subject at the college or university level, you will likely need at least a Master’s degree. Research and field work will set you apart from other applicants, and only the most highly qualified will get into the best institutions.
Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Salary
The median annual salary for this job is $74,800, with most postsecondary anthropology and archaeology teachers in the United States making between $40,000 and $132,000 per year. The amount you will earn will depend on where you live, what type of institution employs you and how long you have been teaching and working in the field.
Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Jobs by Geography
The number of jobs for anthropology and archaeology teachers at the postsecondary level is expected to grow significantly in Washington, Arizona and Colorado, and the highest wages in this field are reported in Massachusetts, Oregon, New Jersey and California. Check institutions in the states with the highest expected growth when looking for a job. As with any college or university faculty position, expect competition when pursuing a position.